When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. A literature review is a document or section of a document that collects key sources on a topic and discusses those sources in conversation with each other also called synthesis.
The lit review is an important genre in many disciplines, not just literature i. There are a number of different situations where you might write a literature review, each with slightly different expectations; different disciplines, too, have field-specific expectations for what a literature review is and does.
A literature review can be a part of a research paper or scholarly article, usually falling after the introduction and before the research methods sections. In these cases, the lit review just needs to cover scholarship that is important to the issue you are writing about; sometimes it will also cover key sources that informed your research methodology. Lit reviews can also be standalone pieces, either as assignments in a class or as publications. This can be especially helpful for students or scholars getting into a new research area, or for directing an entire community of scholars toward questions that have not yet been answered.
Most lit reviews use a basic introduction-body-conclusion structure; if your lit review is part of a larger paper, the introduction and conclusion pieces may be just a few sentences while you focus most of your attention on the body.
If your lit review is a standalone piece, the introduction and conclusion take up more space and give you a place to discuss your goals, research methods, and conclusions separately from where you discuss the literature itself.
Lit reviews can take many different organizational patterns depending on what you are trying to accomplish with the review. Here are some examples:. Any lit review is only as good as the research it discusses; make sure your sources are well-chosen and your research is thorough.
More info on the research process is available in our "Conducting Research" resources. Usually you will need to synthesize research rather than just summarizing it. This means drawing connections between sources to create a picture of the scholarly conversation on a topic over time.
Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper
Often, the literature review is where you can establish your research as filling a particular gap or as relevant in a particular way. You have some chance to do this in your introduction in an article, but the literature review section gives a more extended opportunity to establish the conversation in the way you would like your readers to see it.
You can choose the intellectual lineage you would like to be part of and whose definitions matter most to your thinking mostly humanities-specific, but this goes for sciences as well.Rishibha Sachdev. Many researchers struggle when it comes to writing literature review for their research paper.
A literature review is a comprehensive overview of all the knowledge available on a specific topic till date. When you decide on a research topic, usually the first step you take in the direction of conducting research is learn more about the previous research published on the topic, and this eventually translates into literature review when you write your research paper. Literature review is one of the pillars on which your research idea stands since it provides context, relevance, and background to the research problem you are exploring.
Types of literature review.Creative writing degree uncw students portal
Literature reviews can be categorized as experimental and theoretical. Experimental literature review basically refers to surveying all the information available on a particular topic and critically analyzing the gaps that need to be worked upon.
In this sense, it essentially forms the first experiment of any research project.Geography now japan now and earth
The more extensive the review, the more precise and systematic the research project will be. Theoretical literature review essentially involves two steps:. Literature review could be a part of a dissertation or research article and a stand-alone literature review.
Planning to Write
Let us look at this in more detail. This forms the literature review for the article. The main purpose of the review is to introduce the readers to the need for conducting the said research. A literature review should begin with a thorough literature search using the main keywords in relevant online databases such as Google ScholarPubMedetc. Once all the relevant literature has been gathered, it should be organized as follows:.
Give the reader context and background about your research problem. Try this course as a part of the All Access Pass free trial. A literature review should not be a mere recounting of all the available information. It should be a critical and analytical summary of the selected literature that guides the readers through the central theme of the research.
Stand-alone literature reviews. Literature reviews can also be written as stand-alone articles.Real time stock quote yuma
These are not different from the literature review sections described above; however, they are not followed by experimental data. They basically fall into 2 broad categories: narrative reviews and systematic reviews. Narrative reviews.
These are theoretical discussions of relevant information on a particular topic and its critical analysis. These are mostly qualitative in nature similar to the review sections of larger articles. Narrative reviews are usually organized as follows:. Introduction that establishes the context of the field of research and the topic of the review.
Body is normally used for describing the different themes under the main topic by dividing them into different subheadings. This section compares and contrasts published studies and identifies gaps that have not been addressed or have been unsuccessfully addressed.
This section differs slightly between reviews which are part of research articles and narrative reviews. The section describes the main conclusions from analysis of all the current studies and puts forth further avenues for research. This section requires critical interpretation by the author such that the review adds value to existing literature.
Systematic reviews. On the other hand, systematic reviews follow a well-planned methodology to qualitatively or quantitatively analyze a defined number of studies.
They usually focus on a single question and have clear study objectives that are worked upon in a systematic manner. These studies are based on a well-defined strategy unlike narrative reviews. Systematic reviews and narrative reviews are organized slightly differently.IJELS Impact Factor: 3.
CrossRef DOI: The aim of the journal is to bring together specialists from various disciplines to exchange information and disseminate knowledge worldwide. We publish articles and research papers in the field of English literature, Social sciences and humanities such as economics, political science, human geography, demography, psychology, sociology, anthropology, archaeology, jurisprudence, history, and applied linguistics.
The journal is non-profit and open access for scholars, researchers, teachers, and officials interested in the fields enumerated above. Both referees and authors are anonymous and articles are checked upon reception for plagiarism before being passed to reviewers.
Submit Your Manuscript at: infogain. Popular Indexing and Abstracting of Journal. Toggle navigation. Open access to all researchers. This is the peer reviewed english journal. This research journal indexed in different reputed publisher databases. Eminent editorial Board and Reviewers throughout the world. Rapid publication after acceptance. Certificate to all authors. DOI from CrossRef to each published paper. Important Links. License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.
Social Plugin.Dependent Variable The variable that depends on other factors that are measured. These variables are expected to change as a result of an experimental manipulation of the independent variable or variables.
It is the presumed effect. Independent Variable The variable that is stable and unaffected by the other variables you are trying to measure. It refers to the condition of an experiment that is systematically manipulated by the investigator. It is the presumed cause. Cramer, Duncan and Dennis Howitt.
Institutional Review Board Guidebook: Introduction. Don't feel bad if you are confused about what is the dependent variable and what is the independent variable in social and behavioral sciences research. However, it's important that you learn the difference because framing a study using these variables is a common approach to organizing the elements of a social sciences research study in order to discover relevant and meaningful results.
Specifically, it is important for these two reasons:. A variable in research simply refers to a person, place, thing, or phenomenon that you are trying to measure in some way. The best way to understand the difference between a dependent and independent variable is that the meaning of each is implied by what the words tell us about the variable you are using. You can do this with a simple exercise from the website, Graphic Tutorial. Take the sentence, "The [independent variable] causes a change in [dependent variable] and it is not possible that [dependent variable] could cause a change in [independent variable].
This will help you identify each type of variable. If you're still not sure, consult with your professor before you begin to write. Fan, Shihe. Neil J. Salkind, editor. The process of examining a research problem in the social and behavioral sciences is often framed around methods of analysis that compare, contrast, correlate, average, or integrate relationships between or among variables.Grammar articles speech therapy program nc
Techniques include associations, sampling, random selection, and blind selection. Designation of the dependent and independent variable involves unpacking the research problem in a way that identifies a general cause and effect and classifying these variables as either independent or dependent.
The variables should be outlined in the introduction of your paper and explained in more detail in the methods section. There are no rules about the structure and style for writing about independent or dependent variables but, as with any academic writing, clarity and being succinct is most important. After you have described the research problem and its significance in relation to prior research, explain why you have chosen to examine the problem using a method of analysis that investigates the relationships between or among independent and dependent variables.
State what it is about the research problem that lends itself to this type of analysis.
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For example, if you are investigating the relationship between corporate environmental sustainability efforts [the independent variable] and dependent variables associated with measuring employee satisfaction at work using a survey instrument, you would first identify each variable and then provide background information about the variables.
What is meant by "environmental sustainability"? Are you looking at a particular company [e. Why is employee satisfaction in the workplace important? How does a company make their employees aware of sustainability efforts and why would a company even care that its employees know about these efforts?This is my first attempt at writing a scientific paper and I am thinking of writing a review article.
I want to know what is the exact difference between a research paper and a review paper. Will a review paper be published by a good journal? Asked on 21 Jan, A research paper is based on original research. The kind of research may vary depending on your field or the topic experiments, survey, interview, questionnaire, etc. The research paper will be based on the analysis and interpretation of this data. A review article or review paper is based on other published articles.
It does not report original research. Review articles generally summarize the existing literature on a topic in an attempt to explain the current state of understanding on the topic. Review articles can be of three kinds:. Review papers form valuable scientific literature as they summarize the findings of existing literature.
So readers can form an idea about the existing knowledge on a topic without having to read all the published works in the field. Well-written review articles are popular, particularly in the field of medicine and healthcare. Most reputed journals publish review articles. However, you should check the website of the journal you wish to get published in to see if they accept such articles. If published in a good peer-reviewed journal, review articles often have a high impact and receive a lot of citations.
You might find the course helpful: Manuscript writing. Related reading:. Answered by Editage Insights on 30 Mar, Answered by Abubakar Ijaz on 03 Nov, Answered by aicha aicha on 15 Nov, STICK to using your brand name or URL for your directory listing. Directories are a low-level link building opportunity. While a few links from a few select directories might be worth a listing, do not rely on directories as large part of your future marketing campaigns.
If you have very few links or a poor link profile, a few directories can be useful. Stick to higher quality directories. A log time ago (site-wide links are not really in fashion now) I used a very simple method to get 500 links from a PR 5 site with over 3000 links to it. Yes, a real site.
Looking at the SERPs I was interested in, I spotted an expired, suspended domain that was ranking for a term I cherished. The site was suspended and had been like that for the last six months. There was no content on the site, so I knew immediately it was the strength of the incoming back links alone that was keeping this high.
I ran the expired suspended domain through a back link checker, identified the most powerful links, contacted the site owners in question and explained to them:Not only did I get a friendly email thanking me for pointing out they had broken links on their site (broken links are never a good thing), I now have 500 new links on a real site pointing to my site.
If you can see a win-win (something as simple as links in return for pointing out another site has broken links on it) jump on it. This process is called backlink reclamation.Marketing start from life magazine
Do not buy any of these types of links, and I would AVOID like the plague any of these types of pages where you can spot obvious anchor text abuse, often to unrelated sites. The more relevant the page is to your business, the better. Some of these types of pages do have incredible value.
It is also perfectly natural to have some of these types of links in your link profile if you have a reputable site. Article syndication (for search engine optimisation purposes) is a big no-no for me in 2017.
I still think the place for your articles should be on your blog, on the whole, to attract traffic and links, and to build your reputation as an authority. I once wrote an article that had a signature link back to my site, and while testing how well it had penetrated the SERPs and in how many instances, there was one trusted domain with the content republished, and THAT had attracted a link from a then PR 9 page on a very old trusted site. I also found another couple of sites that were willing to link to that kind of content for future reference.
Use sparingly and with GREAT caution. I avoid article submission sites these days. Google wants the secondary links (from buzz about the news in your press releases) to count toward your ranking, not the actual press release links.
Stay WELL AWAY from anchor text rich article marketing, press releases and advertorials. Google made that clear when they added the following to their guidelines about what not to do:Back To Table Of ContentsNo. Not for me, just yet. Not just now, and not in isolation. The idea of people picking the best sites, rather than counting links the traditional way, is an ideal situation, of course.
Google certainly has lots of manual quality raters in 2017. Eric Ward calls it right for me:the rankings effect can be directed at specific known circles, friends, connections, etc.
The one size fits all search result is headed for the museum. Also, I believe the highest caliber most credible link sources will become that much more important as a trust signal for engines. Much more hit or miss.Republic of Ireland at the FIFA World Cup The Republic of Ireland failed to qualify for the 2018 FIFA World.
International Journal of English Literature and Social Sciences (IJELS)
Classy Eriksen leads Denmark to World Cup as Republic of Ireland hammered in play-off What began as a night of high hopes and belief, ended in. Boxing : Lucan soldier John Joyce prepares for battle on Celtic Clash 3 Irish Army soldier and professional welterweight boxer John Joyce went into full. Carl Frampton splits from manager Barry McGuigan Carl Frampton has confirmed he has split with Cyclone Promotions and Barry.
About Us SportsNewsIreland is an Irish website launched in 2009 to offer sports fans in Ireland an alternative and independent source to keep them up to date with all the news from around the country. You may contribute to the Sports News Ireland Online Community and interactive services subject to the following terms and conditions. These conditions apply to any content contributed in any format to any platforms hosted or facilitated by Sports News Ireland. Always Dreaming stormed to victory by 2.
The Todd Pletcher-trained colt tallied his fourth straight win while starting from the five-post at the Kentucky Derby, and blew away the field by five lengths at the Florida Derby after drawing the four-post, claiming victory with the fastest time in that race since 1978.
However, victory has eluded Pletcher at the Preakness, with each of his previous eight entries coming up short in the second jewel of the Triple Crown. However, the Seattle Slew progeny has held his own in previous stakes races, finishing top-three in his previous four races. PauliMSV Duisburg SV Sandhausen - Arminia BielefeldSV SandhausenArminia Bielefeld BSC Young Boys - Grasshopper-ClubBSC Young BoysGrasshopper-Club FC Zurich - FC LuzernFC ZurichFC Luzern FC Lugano - FC Lausanne-SportFC LuganoFC Lausanne-Sport Aalborg - FC CopenhagenAalborgFC Copenhagen Brondby - AGFBrondbyAGF FC Nordsjaelland - HobroFC NordsjaellandHobro Odense - SilkeborgOdenseSilkeborg Cordoba - Rayo VallecanoCordobaRayo Vallecano Tenerife - ReusTenerife Oviedo - OsasunaOviedoOsasuna Lugo - Cultural LeonesaLugoCultural Leonesa Gimnastic Tarragona - Sevilla AtleticoGimnastic TarragonaSevilla Atletico Olympiakos Nicosia - A.
Catolica San Luis - Audax ItalianoSan LuisAudax Italiano Palestino - Santiago WanderersPalestinoSantiago Wanderers Curico Unido - O HigginsCurico UnidoO Higgins Maribor - AluminijMariborAluminij NK Krsko - ND GoricaNK KrskoND Gorica Golden Arrows - Mamelodi SundownsGolden ArrowsMamelodi Sundowns Bloem Celtic - Free State StarsBloem CelticFree State Stars SCR Altach - Austria ViennaSCR AltachAustria Vienna Wolfsberger AC - Red Bull SalzburgWolfsberger ACRed Bull Salzburg Lech Poznan - Cracovia KrakowLech PoznanCracovia Krakow Wisla Krakow - Wisla PlockWisla KrakowWisla Plock Pogon Szczecin - Zaglebie LubinPogon SzczecinZaglebie Lubin Mohun Bagan - Churchill BrothersMohun BaganChurchill Brothers 2:0CD Olimpia - Lobos UPNFM2CD Olimpia0HT 1:0Lobos UPNFM Bari - PalermoPalermo FAR Rabat - Renaissance BerkaneFAR RabatRenaissance Berkane Hassania Agadir - FUS RabatHassania AgadirFUS Rabat Racing De Casablanca - Chabab Rif HoceimaRacing De CasablancaChabab Rif Hoceima Zira - Neftchi BakuZiraNeftchi Baku Keshla FC - KapazKeshla FCKapaz FK Borac Banja Luka - Siroki BrijegFK Borac Banja LukaSiroki Brijeg Zeljeznicar Sarajevo - Radnik BijeljinaZeljeznicar SarajevoRadnik Bijeljina NK Vitez - FK SarajevoNK VitezFK Sarajevo 1:0EAntigua GFC - Coban Imperial1Antigua GFC0ECoban Imperial Arouca - LeixoesAroucaLeixoes Nacional - Gil VicenteNacionalGil Vicente Sp.
Coast Mariners FC Panserraikos - VeriaPanserraikosVeria Doxa Dramas - Aris ThessalonikisDoxa DramasAris Thessalonikis Panegialios - ErgotelisPanegialiosErgotelis Kissamikos - SpartiKissamikosSparti Trikala - Apollon Larissa FCTrikalaApollon Larissa FC Zalaegerszegi TE - Gyirmot SEZalaegerszegi TEGyirmot SE Kisvarda - Gyori Eto FCKisvardaGyori Eto FC Cegledi VSE - MTK BudapestCegledi VSEMTK Budapest Bekescsaba 1912 - Szeged 2011Bekescsaba 1912Szeged 2011 Budaorsi SC - NyiregyhazaBudaorsi SCNyiregyhaza Siofok - MTE 1904SiofokMTE 1904 Szolnoki MAV FC - SoroksarSzolnoki MAV FCSoroksar VAC - KazincbarcikaiVACKazincbarcikai Csakvar - Soproni VSECsakvarSoproni VSE Mumbai City - Chennaiyin FCMumbai CityChennaiyin FC Jamshedpur FC - Pune CityJamshedpur FCPune City Catania - MateraCataniaMatera Paganese - LeccePaganeseLecce Fondi - AkragasFondiAkragas Monopoli - TrapaniMonopoliTrapani Siracusa - Juve StabiaSiracusaJuve Stabia Fidelis Andria - RendeFidelis AndriaRende Casertana - BisceglieCasertanaBisceglie Cosenza - Virtus FrancavillaCosenzaVirtus Francavilla Reggina - Sicula LeonzioRegginaSicula Leonzio Los Andes - Nueva ChicagoLos AndesNueva Chicago Boca Unidos - AgropecuarioBoca UnidosAgropecuario Deportivo Moron - Guillermo BrownDeportivo MoronGuillermo Brown Gimnasia Jujuy - San Martin TucumanGimnasia JujuySan Martin Tucuman 2:0Toronto FC - Seattle Sounders2Toronto FC0HT 0:0Seattle Sounders Racing Santander - Real Sociedad BRacing SantanderReal Sociedad B CD Vitoria - CD LealtadCD VitoriaCD Lealtad Sporting Gijon B - Real UnionSporting Gijon BReal Union Barakaldo - Caudal DeportivoBarakaldoCaudal Deportivo Mirandes - Arenas ClubMirandesArenas Club Carrarese - LivornoCarrareseLivorno Alessandria - PistoieseAlessandriaPistoiese Arzachena - Pro PiacenzaArzachenaPro Piacenza Gavorrano - GIANA ErminioGavorranoGIANA Erminio Monza - Cuneo Viterbese Castrense - OlbiaViterbese CastrenseOlbia Pisa - Arezzo Prato - PontederaPratoPontedera FC Wohlen - Servette FCFC WohlenServette FC Rapperswil - FC AarauRapperswilFC Aarau Bucaspor Izmir - KastamonusporBucaspor IzmirKastamonuspor Mersin Idman Yurdu - InegolsporMersin Idman YurduInegolspor BB Bodrumspor - EyupsporBB BodrumsporEyupspor Hatayspor - AmedsporHataysporAmedspor Menemen Belediye - Etimesgut Bld.How to do a Literature Review - Step by Step - PhD Thesis Writing
DeGale is the huge favourite and this is merely a tune up fight as he awaits a super fight against either Chris Eubank Jr or George Groves. But the Welshman will want to put on a show regardless as he is set to defend his title against the Leeds Warrior Josh Warrington.
It will be broadcast live on BT Sport and BoxNation. Also on the undercard are WBO European Lightweight Champion Craig Evans and rising talents Archie Sharp, Sanjeev Sahota, Ben Smith, Hamza Sheeraz, Umar Sadiq and debutant Harvey Horn. We have broken down both fights and provided our betting tips and odds with Sun Bets. Although West Ham will see this a potential turning point of the season if they can get a result over the current champions at home.
TWO points from their last six games does not suggest the Hammers are about to upset Chelsea. His side did almost snatch a point at Manchester City but in the end it was still four defeats in five.
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